Careers means anything that pupils do after leaving school. This could be a job or a college course, but it could also mean other provision such as through Social Services.
At Broomfield we aim to make sure that every student is placed into a suitable option when they leave school. Careers advice includes:
- advising pupils and parents/carers on the different options available
- supporting pupils with their applications to their chosen options
- If it is a college, checking to make sure the pupil has been accepted
- If it is a college, checking to make sure the pupil has started the course
Most of our pupils choose to remain at school – many until they are 19 but some until they are 17 or 18. This allows students to continue to learn with more emphasis on the life skills.
Many of our students attend link courses from school. Most students can go to college for up to three years.
College courses are differentiated to meet the needs of students. Students have the option to undertake:
Level 3 (courses at A level standard)
Level 2 (courses at GCSE standard)
Level 1 (courses at an introductory level)
Entry Level 3 (higher level special needs, mainly vocational courses)
Entry Level 2 (sometimes vocational, but also life skills)
Entry Level 1 (mainly life skills but can have vocational units) – some courses here may be described as Pre-Entry level and are for those with higher support needs.
Recently, colleges have developed more courses aimed at supported employment which often have long term placements. These courses can help students move into work when they leave college.
It is important to realise that colleges have experienced staff to support those with special needs. This includes, teachers, teaching assistants, care staff and, if needed, medical workers. Broomfield staff will liaise with college staff to make sure important information is passed on. Part of this is the Education Health and Care Plan which will be transferred from school to college.
Locally the biggest college is Leeds City College which has several sites throughout the city. The sites where courses are based are subject to change. This college is a good option for many of our leavers. Go to www.leedscitycollege.ac.uk for more information (go to Courses and Apprenticeships then Departments and then individual college areas such as Foundation Learning.) or ask school for a paper prospectus. On the website they also have details of Open Days. At present, many of the SEN courses are at the Beeston campus. Services within Vine (for students with the highest level of need) are being transferred there too. For example, 2017 Vine starters will be at Beeston.
Other local colleges include
Swarthmore College (a small college in city centre – look at www.swarthmore.org.uk and go to Study Programme).
Leeds College of Building (www.lcb.ac.uk). This college runs an EHCP course covering range of trades and this can lead to Entry level courses in specific subjects.
Askham-Bryan College (www.askham-bryan.ac.uk). This college runs courses at Temple Newsam in Leeds in Animal care and Horticulture. Go to Foundation Vocational and then Entry Level programmes.
Wakefield College (on various sites) www.wakefield.ac.uk Look for FLEX courses and individual study areas.
Kirklees College (www.kirkleescollege.ac.uk)
Be aware that college courses normally run three days a week so there may be a need for activities for other days. Social Services may be able to help here (if you have a Social Worker) although part-time employment or volunteering may be good ideas
Transport can still be provided to college. As with school, more young people are being supported to travel independently.
Independent Specialist Colleges
If local college provision is not suitable on educational grounds, it may be possible to attend a specialist college. There are several of these around the country. Go to www.natspec.org.uk for more details and links through to individual college sites. Some places are fairly local and can be attended on a daily basis. These include Pennine Camphill Community (near Wakefield) and Henshaws (near Harrogate) which also offer residential provision. Other places are further afield and students will live there during the week and possibly week-ends.
It is normally only possible to get the funding for these places if it can be shown that local provision is not suitable. Therefore, local colleges will be asked to undertake an assessment. Most students can attend local provision. Applying to an independent specialist college can take a long time – so please ask in school if you need more information.
School leavers can still aim for employment after Year 11 as long as the job involves a training programme. However, many of our students benefit from extra time at school and college before aiming at a job.
At school, students will have careers lessons where they will find out about the world of work. Many can also go on work experience where they can get a real taste of a job.
There are several agencies that help people with special needs to find work. These include:
Mencap (www.mencap.org.uk Leeds Royal Mencap, The Vinery Centre, 20 Vinery Terrace, York Road, Leeds LS9 9LU Tel: 0113 827 0058)
Remploy (www.remploy.org.uk Ground Floor, Pheonix House, South Parade, Leeds LS1 5QX Tel : 0300 456 8022)
Pluss (www.pluss.org.uk Ground Floor, Marsh lane, Leeds, LS9 8AX, Tel : 0113 848 0993)
Several individual disability charities also offer employment support.
With the end of Connexions, anyone over 16 years can use Jobcentre Plus.
Careerships and Traineeships / Apprenticeships
These can be hard to access for many of our students. Apprenticeships tend to be offered at Levels 2 or 3. Careerships or Traineeships can aim to raise students’ level and may be available at Level 1 or at Entry Level. Support there may be less that at school or college. This website www.aspire-igen.com has some information – look at aspire2work.
These are being developed in Leeds at the present time and will allow schools, colleges and other providers to support young people into long term work placements with the intention of it turning into a paid job.
www.leeds.gov.uk/leedspathways (aims to have all local provision for young people)
www.nationalcareersservice.direct.gov.uk (useful information plus a phone service for queries). Go to Job Profiles for information on a large range of careers.
www.leedslocaloffer.org.uk (range of local options)
www.doinggoodleeds.org.uk (for details on volunteering in Leeds)
www.through-the-maze.org.uk (information on a range of local services for people with learning disabilities)
www.leeds.gov.uk/youthinformationHub (information on a range of topics)
Social Services Provision
Some of our leavers will not work after they leave school or college. Some may work later on. If you have a Social Worker it would be good to ask them about support they can offer. This could include going to a a Fulfilling Lives Centre but also to day services which can include activities in the community with support. Some of this support can be provided directly but you may be able to access Direct Payments where you can buy services yourself. You may be able to access Direct Payments of you have a CAF (Common Assessment Framework) but no Social Worker.
If you do not have a Social Worker it may be worth asking for an assessment to see if your child meets their criteria for support. As children get older needs change – so even if you have not needed this support before you may now. Apart from day provision you may also want to ask about independent living for the future.
The call centre for Leeds Adult Social Services is 0113 222 4401.
Some worthwhile services can be seen at www.aspirecbs.org.uk
Many of our students have plenty do in their spare time through their families, youth clubs, sports etc. However, it may be useful to be aware of some other places.
Leeds Mencap (www.leedsmencap.org.uk)
People in Action (www.peopleinaction.org.uk)
People Matters Leeds (www.peoplemattersleeds.co.uk)
They offer a range of activities for different age groups – from on-site youth clubs to social groups in the community. There is also to City Council Youth Service which operate a number of youth groups.
Many of you will be aware of Disability Living Allowance (now called Personal Independence Payments). However, you should also be aware of Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) which, if someone qualifies, can be paid from 16 years even if they are still in SEN education. Some people can get ESA for life while others will get it until they begin to work. It can be paid over and above DLA / PIP but can affect other benefits such as tax credits. Sometimes it is best to begin claiming from 19 years. Go to www.gov.uk/employment-support-allowance for more details or ask at local One Stop Centre.
Broomfield Careers Adviser
Our school Careers Adviser is Gordon Kerr, who is available to see all students in Year 9 and above for a careers interview, with parents/carers invited.
A written report is then produced and sent to parents/carers.
You can contact the Careers Adviser at any time on 0113 277 1603 or email@example.com with any queries.